According to Boaventura de Sousa Santos, the abyssal cartographic lines established throughout the 15th and 16th centuries, which defined the old and the new world in the colonial era, are still present as founding elements of the world view adopted by modern Western rationality. In the field of knowledge, abyssal thinking consists of the cognitive empire exercised by modern positivist science, which discriminates between false and true knowledge, in an epistemicide process, which results in the alienation of traditional peoples and their cultures. Thus, to assert its universality, science denies experiences and knowledge that do not operate under its logic. The epistemologies of the South constitute attempts to achieve global cognitive justice, fundamental to global social justice, through the valorization of non-Eurocentric experiences, and other worldviews. They seek to affirm knowledge and knowledge historically denied and excluded, originating mainly from the global South, against the monoculture of universalizing knowledge, typical of the axis of modern western science, of the colonialist global North. In this perspective, the Modern State has as its epistemic matrix a colonial perspective in line with traditional science, and acts in the sense of de-re-territorializing traditional societies, by disciplining their territories. In this context, the present research intends to analyze the de-re-territorialization process produced by the Modern State, through the implementation of a period of fishing paralysis in Lagoa de Araruama, on the artisanal shrimp fishing community, from Praia do Siqueira, Cabo Frio , RJ, since the community claims that the official calendar is inadequate for the harvest season of shrimp, a target species of the group. For the development of the research, it is intended to encompass non-extractive collaborative methodologies in dialogue with the author Boaventura, under the perspective of the epistemologies of the South. It is concluded in the current stage of the research, that the official calendar imposed, rigid, alien and inflexible, it operates as a time control mechanism, supported by modern science, as opposed to the fishing community calendar, which is flexible, culturally and socially established. Key words: Epistemologies of the South, Colonialism, Ecology of Knowledge. Sponsoring institution: FAPERJ / UENF

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