Ocean Mind Map


Ocean Literacy is the understanding of how the ocean influences us and how we have a powerful influence over the ocean. First students need to recognize what their understanding is, how we develop our understanding and form a sense of connection with the ocean regardless of where they are. 

Do build a base for their understanding, as well as assess their current knowledge, begin this activity before starting the Ocean LIteracy Principles 


  1. Create a Mind Map:
    1. Give the students a piece of blank paper and a coloured writing utensil. Have them use only one colour for this activity. 
    2. In the centre of the page, have the students write the word Ocean
    3. Instruct students to create a mind map: write down and/or draw everything that they think, feel and know about the ocean.

2. Discussion with Students 

    1. What was one thing that you know about the ocean? 
    2. How do you know this? Where did the information come from? 
    3. How do we as humans gain this understanding and knowledge? What kinds of sources can we use (both modern and traditional) 

3. Introduce the Ocean Literacy Course

    1. There are still many things we do not understand, both from the past, our current present and in the future. 
    2. Ocean literacy is the understanding of how the ocean influences you and how you, in turn, influence the ocean. 
    3. We are going to explore the ocean

After the Ocean Literacy Course is Complete:

  1. Mind Map Part 2
    1. Return the mind maps to the students, and have them choose a different coloured writing utensil, have the students ask themselves the same question from the start: what do you think/feel/know about the ocean. 
    2. This time, with their new colour, ask the students to fill out their mind map with all of the new or changed perspectives they have about the ocean

2. Discussion with Students

          a. What changed between the first mind map

          b. Did anything surprise you about your new understanding and knowledge

          c. Do you think understanding is important (understanding people, culture, science, the ocean etc)?

          d. What do you think we should do with this knowledge now? How can we use this knowledge and understanding in an impactful way? 

    Learning Objectives

    To prepare students for the Ocean Literacy Course 

    Set expectations before beginning the course

    Stimulate thoughtfulness and curiosity to learn more in the students. 

    This activity may be used to support the following learning objectives and competencies 

    GRADES;  Elementary, Intermediate and Secondary 


    Questioning and Predicting

    • Demonstrate curiosity and a sense of wonder about the world 
    • observe objects and events in familiar context
    • Make observations aimed at identifying their own questions about the natural world 

    Planning and Conducting

    • Make exploratory observations using their senses 
    • Make and record observations 

    Processing and Analyzing data and information

    • experience and interpret the local environment 
    • discuss observations
    • represent observations and ideas by drawing pictographs


    • compare observations with those of others
    • consider some environmental consequences of their actions

    Applying and Innovating

    • Take part in caring for self, family, classroom, and school through personal approaches


    • Share observation and ideas orally, written language or drawing
    • Express and reflect on personal, shared or others' experience of place

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