Mangrove Magic



Mangrove Forests are important ecosystems that are found on the shorelines of tropical oceans. A mangrove is a very important tree that does not bury its roots. Instead, it sits on top of them above the soil.

Image result for mangroves

These roots then create an amazing underwater environment that is a home for lots of different animals, especially babies. The branches of the tree above the water are also home to lots of different birds, lizards, bugs and even mammals! The mangrove forest supports all different kinds of life.

The roots of the Mangrove tree also help to keep the soil around it from sliding everywhere. Without the trees, the ground around the coast line could become unstable and dangerous. They provide a barrier between the land and the ocean, which can protect the land from dangerous waves during storms. Mangrove forests also absorb some of the ocean pollution that exists in the water, along with the carbon dioxide that is in the ocean. Mangrove forests are really important to both animals, fish, invertebrates and people too.

Sadly, Mangroves are threatened in a number of different ways. Ocean pollution gets easily caught in the roots of the Mangroves, and hurts both the plants and animals living in the ecosystem. Mangrove forests are often cut down to make room for tourist attractions or building developments because of the ocean front location. This removes the habitats for all the different animals living in the Mangrove forest, and removes the protective barrier against the storms and waves.


Play the PBS Kids Game Making a Mangrove!

  • What did you find challenging about making an ecosystem?
  • Which animals disappeared from your ecosystem first? Why do you think they disappeared? Why are these animals important?
  • What do you think is the most important thing to keep an ecosystem healthy?
  • What are some threats you can think of that might harm Mangrove Forests?
  • Why do you think it is important to learn about Mangrove forests?

Answer these questions in a BLOG.

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Learning Objectives

Curricular links that may be supported through the use of this activity

GRADE: Primary


Science K: Plants and animals have observable features.

Science 1:  Living things have features and behaviours that help them survive in their environment.

Science 2:  Water is essential to all living things, and it cycles through the environment.

Science 3: Living things are diverse, can be grouped, and interact in their ecosystems.


Questioning and Predicting

  • Demonstrate curiosity about the natural world
  • Observe objects and events in familiar contexts

Predicting and Conducting

  • Suggest ways to plan and conduct an inquiry to find answers to their questions
  • Make observations about living and non-living things in the local environment

Processing and Analyzing Data and Information

  • Experience and interpret the local environment (compare and contrast)


  • Make simple inferences based on their results and prior knowledge
  • Identify some simple environmental implications of their and others’ actions

Applying and Innovating 

  • Transfer and apply learning to new situations
  • Generate and introduce new or refined ideas when problem-solving


  • Express and reflect on personal or shared experiences of place (how are we connected?)


  • Science K
  • basic needs of plants and animal

Science 1

  • Behavioural Adaptations of animals 
  • classification of living and non-living things
  • structure features of ecosystems 

Science 2

  • Water source
  • Water conservation
  • Water cycle
  • similarities and differences between offspring and parent

Science 3

  • Biodiversity compared to the local environment 
  • Energy is needed for life 

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