Ocean Wise – Exploring Canada’s 2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets
- - Goal A: By 2020, Canada’s lands and waters are planned and managed using an ecosystem approach to support biodiversity conservation outcomes at local, regional and national scales.
- · Target 1. By 2020, at least 17 percent of terrestrial areas and inland water, and 10 percent of coastal and marine areas, are conserved through networks of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures.
- · Target 2. By 2020, species that are secure remain secure, and populations of species at risk listed under federal law exhibit trends that are consistent with recovery strategies and management plans.
- · Target 3. By 2020, Canada's wetlands are conserved or enhanced to sustain their ecosystem services through retention, restoration and management activities.
- · Target 4. By 2020, biodiversity considerations are integrated into municipal planning and activities of major municipalities across Canada.
- · Target 5. By 2020, the ability of Canadian ecological systems to adapt to climate change is better understood, and priority adaptation measures are underway.
- - Questions: Is your goal independent of all the other goals listed or is it interconnected?
- - If we can solve one of these goals nationally, do we solve any other goals?
- - If these goals are category headings, are there sub-categories or mini goals we could achieve in resolving the larger issues?
This goal does relate to the other ones (especially B, and D), because working to conserve the land and water, making sure our species remain secure or become secure, and considering biodiversity in municipal planning will definitely help ensure that our negative effect on biodiversity in Canada is reduced; and our consumption of natural resources is more sustainable. Conserving the land in all of these ways will also help to get more people out into nature to experience it’s beauty and importance. We need nature, for people to be able to go and experience nature.
If we can solve this goal nationally then we also partially solve goal B because if we are able to conserve 17% of terrestrial areas, then we also most likely have continued progress on the sustainable management of Canada’s forests. And if we can conserve 17% of Canada’s inland water and 10 percent of coastal and marine areas, then we can also ensure that we have pollution levels in our waters reduced, invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably and invasive species in our waters are reduced.
A good way to achieve our bigger goal of protecting and managing all of Canada’s waters and land is to break that down into smaller goals. We can start in smaller, more specific areas, and then build up from there. We also need to split up the tasks among many people so that every task is achievable. If we do that, then the big goal can now be accomplished.