This assignment was written by Andrew Hui, Kallie Huynh, and Julia Chung.
About Howe Sound
- Group of inlets
- The Squamish and the Shishalh were the first to live on Howe Sound
- Squamish is also a district municipality in the North Howe Sound
- The Squamish people are descendants of the Coast Salish aboriginal people
- Sixteen chiefs remain from a long line of leaders
- The Thunderbird has many meanings.
- The head represents the bird watching over the people
- The wings represent watching over the sea life
- The crest represents the male and females
- The tail and feathers represents the past, present, and the future
- The lizard in the talons represent temlh meaning a path in life?
- Squamish traditional land territory is 6,732 km of lower British Columbia
- The Squamish speak the Squamish language
- Ceremonial events take place in the longhouse
- They have a rich artistic history
- Totem poles are a staple of their art
- For sports the Squamish people play traditional games such as Lacross and soccer, Canoe pulling, they also support the First nations snowboarding team.
- The objective of Oceanwise is to increase the understanding of the ocean in order to appreciate how beneficial they are to the environment, and our community.
Coastal Ocean Research Institute (CORI)
- Coastal Ocean Research Institute is an institute dedicated to collecting and analyzing data of coastal ecosystems of Canada’s West Coast. They also collaborate with other scientists and organizations to share their data.
- They are also committed for long-term conservation of Canada’s aquatic and coastal ecosystems.
- Ongoing research programs are: Marine Mammal Research Program, Howe Sound Research Group, and Ocean Pollution Research Program.
Ocean Watch: Howe Sound Edition
- Howe Sound, located in British Columbia, is an inlet of the Salish Sea cut deep into the mountains, and a home and traditional territory to the Squamish Nation, a habitat to Indigenous peoples.
- Howe Sound is strongly influenced by by the rivers and streams that flow into it, and species such as harbour seals, whales, porpoise and dolphins, seabirds and shorebirds, eagles, bears, and deers reside there. Sponge reefs are also in the waters of Howe Sound.
- Pollution and environmental degradation has been occurring in Howe Sound due to industrial development surrounding this environment. Gladly, due to efforts to conserve this place, natural habitats has been restored to some degree. Signals of recovery, such as the return of salmons, show that Howe Sound is getting “healthier”. The community groups played a role to contribute to save Howe Sound.
- Ocean Health Index was established to measure and track ocean health within British Columbia. Their aims are to to: 1) How do different communities view and value aspects of ocean health, and how does this influence people’s understanding of how healthy the ocean is?, 2) How can the Ocean Health Index be used to inform and support ongoing comprehensive ocean planning efforts across British Columbia? 3) Have past management actions affected overall ocean health, and if so, in what ways?
- Ocean Health Index is calculated on a scale of 0 ~ 100 for each goal they set.
Research at Vancouver Aquarium
- Tested the changes in the chemical and hormone levels in harbor seal pups between admission and release in the aquarium. Hormone levels act as stress markers in the seal pups. Changes in body chemistry values include a decrease in red blood cells, glucose, and other hormones.
- Sodium was the only chemical in the seal pups’ blood that differentiated the pups that died from the pups that survived.
- These research results can reveal the problems and consequences of keeping marine animals in captivity, and what of their body chemical levels differs between captive seal pups and free range ones.
- Evaluated effects of mercury and bioaccumulation in marine animals located on the end of the food chain.
- Observed the effects of high mercury levels in beluga whales in the western Canadian Arctic, as well as protective chemicals against Hg toxicity such as sodium selenite.
Researched the relationships between sea otters and ecosystem health.Natural hormone and chemical levels found in sea otters act as indicators for the health of the ecosystem they live in. Compared the chemical and hormone levels of sea otters originating from ecosystems of varying health, revealing the impact of a polluted ecosystem on the marine animals that live in it.